logo
Question of the Week
Video Library
Ophthalmology Books & Manuals
Cyber-Sight Atlas of Eye Diseases
The Ophthalmology Minute
Nursing Education
Eye Care Equipment
ORBIS Program Features
Free Online Journals
Ophthalmology Links
Ask a Professor
Print ViewPrint this Page
Pupil -  HIPPUS Lecture 8 of 15  NEXT»

Hippus is visible, rhythmic, but irregular pupillary oscillations that are deliberate in time. It comprises 2 mm or more excursions and has no localizing significance.

1. Normal
2. Incipient cataracts
3. Central nervous system diseases, including the presence of total third cranial nerve palsy, hemiplegia, meningitis (acute), cerebral syphilis, tabes, general paralysis, myasthenia gravis, tumors of corpora quadrigemina, epileptics, Cheyne-Strokes breathing, multiple sclerosis (disseminated sclerosis), and cerebral tumors
4. Neurasthenia (nervous exhaustion, Beard disease)
5. Drugs, including the following:
 
allobarbital
amobarbital
aprobarbital
barbital
butabarbital
butalbital
butallylonal
butethal
cyclobarbital
cyclopentobarbital
heptabarbital
hexethal
hexobarbital
mephobarbital
metharbital
methitural
methohexital
pentobarbital
pentylenetetrazol
phenobarbital
primidone
probarbital
secobarbital
talbutal
thiamylal
thiopental
vinbarbital
 

Fraunfelder FT, Fraunfelder FW. Drug-induced ocular side effects. Woburn, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2001.

Zinn KM. The pupil. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1972.


Lecture 8 of 15 «Previous Lecture   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15    Next»
footer logo